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Custom Laboratory Furnace: All About Glass and Melting Furnaces

A laboratory furnace plays a crucial role in various scientific and industrial processes, enabling precise control over temperature conditions for experiments and material processing. Among the different types of laboratory furnaces, a melting furnace and a glass furnace stand out for their unique applications. 


A laboratory furnace is an indispensable tool in scientific research and experimentation, providing the controlled environment necessary for processes ranging from material testing to chemical analysis. 

In this blog post, we will delve into the intricacies of a custom laboratory furnace, exploring the functionality and application of a melting and glass furnaces.

Melting Furnace: Unveiling Core Functions

This furnace type refers to specialized laboratory equipment designed to heat materials to their melting points, allowing for precise control over the process. These furnaces find applications in metallurgy, material science, and various research endeavors where the melting and casting of materials are integral to the experimental process.

Furnace Types: Melting

A melting furnace comes in various types, each catering to specific materials and experimental requirements. An induction furnace, an electric arc furnace, and a resistance furnace are common in laboratories. 

An induction furnace utilizes electromagnetic induction to generate heat, while an electric arc furnace relies on electric arcs for heating. A resistance furnace uses electrical resistance to generate heat.

Melting Applications

These furnaces are indispensable in metallurgical research, enabling scientists to study the behavior of materials at extreme temperatures. It plays a vital role in alloy development, where precise control over the melting and cooling processes is essential. 

Additionally, a melting furnace finds applications in the production of specialized materials like superalloys, which are crucial in aerospace and other high-performance industries.

Furnaces for Melting: Customizations

A custom laboratory furnace, including these types of furnaces, allows researchers to tailor the equipment to their specific needs. Customization can involve adjustments to the furnace’s size, temperature range, and control mechanisms. 

This adaptability is particularly beneficial when working with unique materials or conducting experiments that demand specific temperature profiles.

Glass Furnace: Illuminating the Art of Glassmaking

A glass furnace is designed for the specific purpose of melting and shaping glass. This furnace plays a central role in the art of glassmaking, providing artists and researchers with the tools to manipulate and transform raw materials into intricate glass creations.

Component Types: For Glass

A typical glass furnace consists of several key components, including the furnace body where the raw materials are melted, and regenerators to capture and store heat, increasing the system’s overall energy efficiency. As heat is introduced in such furnaces, their design influences factors such as fuel efficiency and temperature uniformity.

Glass Techniques: The Furnace In Operation

Glass furnace operation involves specific techniques to achieve desired results. One such technique is “pot melting,” where raw materials are melted in a refractory pot inside the furnace. This method allows for the production of small batches of glass with precise control over composition. 

Another technique, known as “tank melting,” involves continuous melting in a large tank suitable for the mass production of glass products.

Customization of a Glass Furnace

Just like a melting furnace, a glass furnace can be customized to meet the unique requirements of artists and researchers. Customization may involve adjustments to furnace size, temperature control, and features such as observation ports for users to monitor the glass-melting process. 

This level of customization empowers glassmakers to explore new techniques and push the boundaries of their crafts.

An Arizona school digs deeper with an article summing up glass and the science behind it

Comparative Analysis: Melting and Glass

While glass and melting furnaces share the commonality of heating materials to high temperatures, their applications and operational intricacies distinguish them significantly.

Temperature Range

A furnace for melting can be designed to achieve higher temperatures, often exceeding those required for glass melting. This higher temperature range is essential for experiments involving the melting and casting of metals and alloys. A glass furnace, on the other hand, operates within a specific temperature range suitable for melting glass. 

Material Composition

A melting furnace can accommodate a broad range of materials, including metals, alloys, and ceramics. Its versatility makes it ideal for researchers exploring various material properties. For glass, however, furnaces are generally specialized or deployed specifically for working with glass compositions, allowing artists and researchers to create intricate glass products with precision.

Control Mechanisms

The control mechanisms in each type of furnace differ based on the materials they handle. Melting furnaces often require sophisticated temperature control systems to achieve precise heating and cooling rates. Glass furnaces, while also requiring precise control, may emphasize features like reheating zones to maintain the molten glass in a workable state for artists.


In the realm of the laboratory furnace, those for melting and specifically for glass play pivotal roles in advancing scientific research and artistic endeavors. The customization options available for these furnaces empower researchers and artists to explore new frontiers, pushing the boundaries of material science and glassmaking. 

Whether it’s the controlled melting of alloys for cutting-edge research or the delicate shaping of molten glass into intricate artworks, the custom laboratory furnace can pave the way for innovation and discovery. 

For more information about Deltech Furnaces and our solutions, reach out and contact us today. 

All Deltech furnace systems are designed and manufactured in the U.S.A, and shipped and installed worldwide.